Koilonychia is a conditon considered hereditary. It typically affects fingernails. The nail gets thinner and the edge of the nail begins to rise up. This condition is commonly known as spoon nails. This disorder is caused by the inability to absorb iron in the bloodstream, a disorder called anemia.

What Causes Koilonychia?

There are many causes of Koilonychia. Here are some of the most common causes currently known:

  • Reduced circulationKoilonychia
  • Low thyroid hormone
  • Muscle conditions
  • Universal lupus
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Patella Syndrome
  • Raynaud’s Syndrome
  • Erythematosus
  • Poor health
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Using too much soap or oil
  • Glossitis
  • Cheilosis
  • Pica
  • Malnourishment

Symptoms And Solutions For Koilonychia

This disorder is a symptom of anemia. It must be caught as soon as the visual symptoms become present.

This condition can also be caused by worrying the edge of the nail. This causes them to detach and curl up. There are many ways that this condition can be prevented.

  • Wear gloves while your hands are submerged in water
  • Do not chew your nails
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Take vitamin supplements
  • Work with your doctor to find supplements to treat iron deficiency
  • Do not eat or drink items that make absorbing iron more difficult
  • Take vitamin C on a regular basis

Typically, the treatment surrounding this disorder revolves around managing your iron level.

This can either be through diet or vitamin supplementation. Iron supplements can be purchased over the counter, by prescription, or can be given via injection to those who have an intestinal disorder that prevents iron absorption.